Horticulture 221

Landscape Plants

Latin Terms

J. E. Klett

 

Meanings of these common Latin words will help in describing a plant:

 

affinis ‑ related              

alatus ‑ winged                

alba ‑ white                   

albiflorus ‑ white flowered           

alpestris ‑ nearly alpine      

alpinus ‑ alpine               

alterniflora ‑ alternate‑leaved

altissima ‑ tallest                                      

amabilis ‑ lovely

angulatus ‑ angular, angled

angustifolius ‑ narrow‑leaved

apiculata ‑ short pointed tip

aquifolium ‑ holly leaved

arborea ‑ treelike, woody

arenarius ‑ of sand or sandy places

argentea ‑ silvery

attenuata ‑ slenderly tapering

aureus ‑ golden

australis ‑ southern

baccatus ‑ berried

barbatus ‑ barbed, bearded

bipinnata ‑ twice pinnate (leaflets on each side of a common petiole, like a feather)

brevicaulis ‑ short stemmed

brevifolius ‑ short leaved

buxifolius ‑ box leaved

campestris ‑ of the fields or plains

canadensis ‑ from Canada

candidus ‑ pure white, shining

coccineus ‑ scarlet

communis ‑ common, general

concolor ‑ of uniform color

confertus ‑ crowded; pressed together

cordate ‑ heart shaped

crassifolius ‑ thick leaved

crenata ‑ toothed, teeth rounded

crenulatus ‑ finely scalloped

cuspidata ‑ short, rigid point

cyaneus ‑ blue

debilis ‑ weak, frail

decorus ‑ elegant, comely, becoming

decurrens ‑ running down the stem

densiflorus ‑ heavily flowered

denticulata ‑ toothed slightly or minutely

dimorphous ‑ occurring in two forms

dioecious ‑ male and female flowers of separate plants divergens ‑ wide spreading

edulis ‑ edible

elatus ‑ tall


elegans ‑ elegant, beautiful

elongatus ‑ elongated, lengthened

falcatus ‑ like a sickle,

fastigiatus ‑ branches erect and close together

floribunda ‑ free flowering

floridus ‑ flowering freely

fragilis ‑ fragile, brittle

fruticosus ‑ shrubby

glauca ‑ with white or gray as on blue spruce

globosa ‑ globe shaped

gracilis ‑ graceful, slender

grandiflorus ‑ large flowered

herbaceous ‑ non‑woody above ground stem

hirsuta ‑ with coarse or still hairs

illicifolius ‑ ilex‑leaved, holly‑leaved

inermis ‑ unarmed, without thorns

japonica ‑ of Japan

laciniatus ‑ torn, fringed

lanceolate ‑ shaped like a lance‑head

lineatus ‑ with lines or striped

littoralis ‑ of the seashore

lucidus ‑ bright, shining, clear

lusitanicus ‑ of Portugal

lutescens ‑ yellow

mas ‑ male

marginatus ‑ with a margin or striped

maximus ‑ largest

macrophyllus ‑ large leaved

microphylla ‑ small leaved

mollis ‑ soft, soft‑hairy

monstrous ‑ monstrous, abnormal

mucronata ‑ with small, abrupt tip

multicolor ‑ many‑colored

nana ‑ dwarf

Niger, nigra ‑ black

nivalis ‑ snowy, white

obtusa ‑ blunt

occidentalis ‑ western, New World

odoratissimum ‑ very fragrant

officinalis ‑ medicinal

oxyacanthus ‑ sharp‑spined

papyrifera ‑ paper bearing

parviflorus ‑ small‑flowered

pendulous ‑ pendulous, hanging

petiolaris ‑ with a leafstalk

psisfera ‑ pea‑bearing

platucladus ‑ broad‑branched

plicata ‑ planted, folded lengthwise

polyanthus ‑ many‑flowered

procerus ‑ tall

procumbens ‑ trailing, prostrate

prolifera ‑ many‑leaved


prostratus ‑ lying flat

pubescens ‑ short, soft hairs; downy

pumilis ‑ dwarf

pungens ‑ piercing; sharp‑pointed, sharp tasting

purpurea ‑ purple

pyramidalis ‑ like a pyramid; inverted cone

quinquefolia ‑ five leaves or leaflets

radiatus ‑ rayed

radicans ‑ rooting

recurvata ‑ bent backward, reversely curved

repens, reptans ‑ creeping

rex ‑ king

rhytidiophyllus ‑ wrinkle‑leaved

rigidus ‑ stiff

rotundifolius ‑ round‑leaved

rugosa ‑ wrinkled

saccharum ‑ of sugar

saxatilis ‑ found among rocks

scabrous ‑ rough to the touch

sempervirens ‑ evergeen

serrata ‑ serrate, toothed

speciosus ‑ showy, good‑looking

squamatus ‑ with scale‑like leaves or bracts

stellata ‑ starlike

stoloniferous ‑ producing runners that root

stricta ‑ upright, with few or no branches

suffruticosa ‑ shrubby

sylvatica ‑ forest‑loving

ternatus ‑ in threes (as clover leaflets)

tremuloides ‑ quivering, trembling

triacanthos ‑ three‑spined

truncata ‑ cut off squarely

umbraculifera ‑ umbrella‑bearing

undulata ‑ waxy surface or margin

vegetus ‑ vigorous

verricosa ‑ warty

verticillatus ‑ whorled

viridis ‑ green

viscosus ‑ sticky

vulgaris ‑ common

whorl ‑ leaves, etc. in a circle around stem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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